Short Essay on Wild Life Protection – Wildlife is important for human life because it is the animals and the ecology that sustain life on the planet. India has had a very rich wildlife thriving in green and lush forests.
However, of late there has been a steep decline in the flora and fauna of the nation houses. A number of animals and birds are either extinct or steadily on the way to extinction.
This has been a cause of deep concern. Comprehensive measures are needed to check the degeneration of forests before it is too late. The State laws have proved to be ineffective in this regard. Parliament, therefore, found an urgent need for a Central legislation and enacted the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972.
The law now provides for the constitution of Life Advisory Board for each State to regulate and prohibit the hunting of wild animals and birds, to regulate possession, acquisition or transfer of, or trade in wild animals and animal articles. The law also provides for declaring some areas as sanctuaries, national parks etc. in order to make a secure environment for animals to thrive.
Wildlife, according to the Act, includes any animal, and within the term ‘animal’ it includes mammals, bird, reptiles and amphibians, and to kill any of the animals is a punishable offence.