The next Lok Sabha elections in Indian are scheduled to be in early 2019. The political parties of our country have already geared up and started preparations for the same. Similarly, the Election Commission of India is likewise preparing for this biggest event in the political circles of our country while is held after every 5 years. The students must definitely know what Lok Sabha elections are all about, how they are conducted and what significance do these Lok Sabha Election 2019 hold for all us. Hence we have prepared some short essays for students so as to make them aware of this politically important topic.
Long and Short Essay on Lok Sabha Election in English
Essay on Lok Sabha Election 2019 – Essay 1 (250 Words)
Lok Sabha Election is going to take place in the year 2019 in which voters from Kanyakumari to Jammu and Kashmir will cast their votes. The Lok Sabha election is a biggest Indian democratic workout that has gained an importance in the entire world.
Voters in Lok Sabha Election 2019:
In Lok Sabha election 2019 over 860 million electors will be entitled to vote in knowing that which political alliance or party or will make a government. Sequentially, the prime minister will be chosen on the basis of the results.
The results of the Lok Sabha election are extremely tough to foresee in the hypercompetitive and fragmented democracy of India. However, if you see the current situation in India, the BJP leader or Prime Minister of India Mr Narendra Modi might be a clear choice if the Lok Sabha elections are held currently.
If you see the conclusive 2014 directive of BJP, there are numerous political analysts which assuredly stated that Mr. Narendra Modi might stay in power for the next 2 to 3 terms. In fact, there are few opinion polls also that reveal Mr. Modi is an extremely popular leader in BJP which can benefit their party in the Lok Sabha election 2019 too. On the other hand, the opposition party, consisting of the formerly-dominant Congress party and a surplus of local parties, has writhed to stand the BJP attack. However, the clear winner of Lok Sabha election 2019 is far from unconquerable, regardless of expectation of a BJP easy victory in the year 2019.
Essay on Lok Sabha Election 2019 – Essay 2 (400 Words)
The Lok Sabha is the lower place of India’s two-house Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha. Members from the Lok Sabha are chosen by free and fair elections held across the country and they hold their seats for a period of 5 years until the point when the body is disintegrated by the President due to any issues. At present, the house has 545 seats which constitutes up to 543 elected members and 2 members from the Anglo-Indian Community chosen by the President of India. The next Lok Sabha elections are slated to be held in 2019.
Social Media Effect on Lok Sabha Elections 2019:
India joins a developing rundown of nations endeavouring to check the abuse of social media in the elections. In the keep, running up to a nearly battled decision in Malaysia, the previous leader Najib Raza hounded by degradation charges presented a phoney news law that his successor, Mahathir Mohamad, has since pledged to withdraw. Singapore and Philippines are likewise considering presenting enactment on phoney news, while Germany presented another law that propels web-based life systems to expel abhor discourse.
State of Attack by Opposition and the Government’s Defence:
Opposition parties claim that narrow-mindedness and intolerance in India is ascending since Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to control in the year 2014. Officials from the ruling party the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) however, claim that they are not at fault and demand state governments must manage hostile to social components.
The Electoral Procedure:
The candidates fighting the elections are required to submit their selection papers with the Election Commission. At that point, a rundown of applicants is distributed. No gathering is permitted to utilize government assets for crusading. No organisation is permitted to pay off the competitors previously decisions. The legislature can’t begin a venture amid the decision time frame. Campaigning closes by 6:00 pm two days before the Election Day.
The voting is held between 7:00 am and 6:00 pm. The Collector of each area is responsible for voting. Government workers are utilized as survey officers at the voting stations. Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) are being utilized rather than polling stations to speed up the results. After the native votes, his or her left second finger is marked with a special ink. This system of marking ink was established in the year 1962.
The Difficult Task of Holding Lok Sabha Elections 2019:
Holding elections in world’s second most populated nation is a mind-boggling and overwhelming undertaking. The Election Commission has just started arrangements on strategic and security courses of action in the nation of 1.3 billion, prepared to choose their new central government in April and May 2019.
Essay on Lok Sabha Elections 2019 – Essay 3 (500 Words)
Lok Sabha elections or the General elections are scheduled to be held in April on May 2019. It will form the 17th Lok Sabha in the country. This is one event that overshadows every other event in the country. The nation has been swept in the Lok Sabha election fever long since the parliamentary polls were going on for states like Tripura and Karnataka.
With the big battle of Lok Sabha elections approaching, all the political parties are on an overdrive. They are trying to engage all electorates using different strategies. For example, BJP is organizing booth-level events for young electorates so as to convert them into members for life. Congress is attracting the young voters by using social media channels like Facebook, Twitter and even WhatsApp.
Not only political parties, political pundits are on overdrive of predicting who will win and by how much. News channels have a single point agenda in debates – who will take over in the general elections. Will the Modi wave continue or will there be a leader emerging from the Grand Alliance?
For all practical purposes, the prospects are full of possibilities. PM Modi is unmatched in terms of stature, charisma and his excellent oratory skills. But, will this be enough this time and will he manage to rise again? Or will there be a challenger who will emerge from the whole lot of opposition leaders, who will become the face of the opposition? You can ponder over it all day long but this is something that only time will tell. As of now, the whole nation wants to know who will emerge as Modi’s principal opponent.
The biggest question is which party or which alliance will emerge to be successful in the Lok Sabha Elections of 2019. It all depends on who creates the right narrative before the polls. This battle will be fought as much as on the phones over social media as on the streets in conventional rallies and speeches.
Members of the Lower Hose of the Parliament will be elected in the Lok Sabha Election. Their term will by 5 years long from the date when the first session is commenced.
The maximum strength of Lok Sabha as decided by the Constitution of India is 552. Out of these, upto 530 members are elected from the States of India, upto 20 members represent the Union Territories and 2 members can be nominated by the President if the Anglo-Indian community is not represented adequately.
Each state is divided into many constituencies and each constituency has one representative in Lok Sabha. These representatives are directly elected by the people of India. The total membership is distributed in such a way that the ratio between the number of seats allotted to each state and its population is same for all states. The elected members of Lok Sabha then elect the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker amongst themselves.
Essay on Lok Sabha Elections 2019 – Essay 4 (750 Words)
Choosing leaders through election process is the norm that is followed in all democratic countries. India – which is one of the largest democracies in the world is no exception to that. In India, the Lok Sabha elections 2019 are to be held in the month of April or May 2019. Elections are conducted for different government bodies such as the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, the Parliament, the Legislative Assemblies and various other local bodies.
Why is Election Conducted?
Before getting to know the reason behind conducting elections, we should first know the meaning of Democracy.
The U.S President Abraham Lincoln defined democracy as, “Government of the people, by the people, and for the people”.
In a democratic system, people choose their representatives or leaders by voting for them in elections. The elected leaders become accountable for the people and they have to regain people’s consent at regular intervals to continue in their roles. This is the reason why elections are conducted at fixed intervals.
As per the Indian Constitution, elections for the Parliament and the State Legislative Assemblies must be conducted every five years; this may change in case if an emergency state is declared.
Political Parties Gearing Up for Lok Sabha Elections 2019:
Similar to human population, the political parties in India are also more in number and are growing every day. These political parties are grouped under three buckets namely –
1. The National Parties
2. The State Recognized Parties
3. The Unrecognized Parties
According to data statistics, there were 7 National parties, 24 State recognized parties and 2044, Unrecognized parties as on Apr 13, 2018. The Indian National Congress Party founded by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru remained to be the single most dominant party in India from 1947 to 1964. Soon other parties started joining the race. For example, in the last general elections held in 2014, the National Democratic Alliance led by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) rose up for a mighty victory defeating the Congress Party making Narendra Modi as the Prime Minister of India.
There are also numerous regional parties and caste ridden parties in India such as the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, the Telugu Desam Party, the Indian National Lok Dal, Telangana Rashtra Samithi, Shiromani Akali Dal, Samajwadi Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, Janata Dal, Shiv Sena etc.,
As the Lok Sabha Elections 2019 is nearing, we might see a rise in the number of independent parties and alliances.
Use of Technology in Elections:
There is no place in this world where we cannot find the trace of technological advancement. Technology has set its foot even in the election process long back but most of us are not aware of it. This got exposed to the world only recently when the CEOs of big social media firms were accused of using social medias to influence elections.
The political parties in India are also using social media to gain advantage.
Statistics reveal that next to China, India has the second highest number of internet users which is close to 462.12 million and this number will correspond to nearly 258.27 million social network users by 2019. Most of the national parties have dedicated Data Analytics Department to analyze public data. The parties are focusing on these data to set up their election campaign and design their election manifestos. Political parties are focusing on using these data tools to turn out more votes in their favour.
Forecast of Lok Sabha Elections 2019:
All the political parties in India are looking forward for the Lok Sabha Elections that is to be held in 2019. All the social mediums are predicting this election to be a real game changer in Indian politics. After the 2014 general elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) with Narendra Modi in lead was in full form and the popularity of Modi throughout the nation and even worldwide gave an unshakable confidence to the party members. The party was expanding its territory in numerous states after coming to power. Many social analysts were under the impression that BJP is to emerge as the only dominant party in India and Narendra Modi will remain in power for at least two or three terms.
The recent elections held in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh and their results (Dec 2018) has crushed all these notions about BJP. The Indian National Congress Party defeated BJP in all these states thus proving that they are back in the game and hinted that BJP has lost the trust of people. This twist just before few months of commencement of Lok Sabha Elections 2019 has confirmed that the coming election is going to be a historic event in Indian politics.