Essay on the Child’s Right Act for school and college students !
However, realising the gravity of the offences relating to sexual abuse of children, the Central Government has brought a comprehensive Legislation called. The Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2006 which came into force on 20th January, 2306. The Act provides for the constitution of a National Commission and State Commissions for protection of child rights and Children’s Courts for providing speedy trial for offences against children or of violation of child rights and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Section 13(1) (d) of this Act casts a duty upon the Commission to examine all factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of children affected by terrorism, communal violence, riots, natural disaster, domestic violence, sex abuse, trafficking, maltreatment, torture and exploitation, pornography, prostitution etc. and recommend appropriate remedial measures. The Commission shall have power to inquire into such cases and forward them to Magistrate having jurisdiction to try the same.
For the purpose of providing speedy trial of offences against children or of violation of child rights, the State Government, with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of the High Court may specify at least one Court of Session to be a Children’s Court to try such offences. The Act further provides for appointment of special public prosecutors for the Children’s Court.
It would be seen that in the Child’s Right Act of 2006, as the title itself suggests the focus is on constitution of National Commission and State Commissions for protection of rights of child in general and right of child against sexual abuse is only one of such rights. But, the Goa Children’s Act, 2003 exclusively deals with sexual abuse of children and a wide range of related activities that an offender may commit.
It not only recommends punishment against children’s sexual abuse but also attempts to involve different sections of society to play an active role in protecting children and preventing their sexual abuse. It is in this sense that the Goa Children’s Act may be treated as comprehensive as compared with the Central Act of 2006.