India is a country in southern Asia. It is bounded on die north by Afghanistan, China, Nepal and Bhutan; on the east by Bangladesh, Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) and the Bay of Bengal; on the sound by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Manner and the Indian Ocean; and on the west by the Arabian Sea and Pakistan. India is divided into 26 states and 6 union territories. New Delhi is the country’s capital and one of its largest cities.
The world’s seventh largest country in area, India occupies more than 3 million sq km (1 million sq m), encompassing a varied landscape rich in natural resources.
The Indian Peninsula forms a rough triangle framed on the north by the world’s highest mountains, the Himalayas, and on the east, south, and west by oceans. Its topography varies from the barren dunes of the than Desert to die dense tropical forests of rain-drenched Assam state.
Much of India, however, consists of several major rivers, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Indus, and fertile plains. Arising in the northern mountains and carrying rich loins below dices mighty rivers have supported agriculture-based civilizations for thousands of years.
In the semi-final .and final rounds, archers shoot four ends of three arrows each – for a total of 12 with a 40-second time limit per arrow. The losers of the semi-finals shoot in die bronze medal match and the two winners shoot in the gold medal final. A tie is broken with ‘sudden death’ overtime. Each archer shoots one arrow and the highest score wins.
If tied, a second arrow is shot for highest score. If still tied, a single closest-to- the-centre arrow determines the winner. Archers have 50 seconds to shoot each tie-breaking arrow.
India’s long history stretches back to the Indus Valley civilization of about 2500-1700 BC. For hundreds of years, India was home to massive empires and regional kingdoms. British rule in India began in the 1700s AD. Foreign domination engendered Indian nationalism, which eventually led to India winning its independence in 1947.
Split from Pakistan at independence, India struggled with its Muslim neighbor over border differences. India and Pakistan still conflict over the Jammu and Kashmir region, parts of which are also occupied by China.
India’s federal political system, a democracy for more than 50 years, has demonstrated a remarkable resilience in resolving domestic and international crises. India has grown since independence to have great influence on Asia and a massive world presence.
The country is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, an association of political entities that once gave or currently give allegiance to the British crown. The Indian economy has also evolved since independence. Once heavily dependent on agriculture, it has expanded in recent years into the realms of industry and services. Economic recons in 1991 dramatically increased the amount of foreign investment in the country.