6 Important Differences between “Review” and “Revision” are given below:
1. Section 114 Order 47 deals with Review.
2. Any court, which passed the decree or made order, can review the case.
3. The review can be made only on an application by an aggrieved party.
4. The order granting the review is appealable.
5. Review can be made even when an appeal lies to the High Court.
6. The grounds for review are: (a) discovery of new and important matter or evidence; (b) mistake or error apparent on the face of the record; (c) any other sufficient reason.
1. Section 115 deals with the Revision.
2. The High Court can only do revision of any case which has been decided by any court subordinate to it.
3. Revisional powers can be exercised by the High Court on an application or even suo motu (of its own motion).
4. An order passed in the exercise of revisional jurisdiction is not appealable.
5. Revisional power can be exercised by the High Court only in a case where no appeal lies to the High Court.
6. The Conditions: (a) A case must have been decided; (b) the Court which has decided the case must be a Court subordinate to the High Court; (c) The order should not be an appeaiable one; (d) The subordinate court must have – (i) exercised jurisdiction not vested in it by law; or (ii) failed to exercise jurisdiction vested in it, or (iii) acted in the exercise of its jurisdiction illegally or with material Irregularity