Thus, on the basis of above definitions, we can infer some common characteristics of clan as under:
(1) Clan is a unit between family and descent.
(2) It is unilateral, i.e., either from male or female side.
(3) It is exogamous.
(4) It provides rules for marriage, ceremonies, inheritance and social control.
(5) It is found in some specific places.
(6) It also has some authority over an area.
(7) It is totemic.
(8) It traces its descent from some common ancestor. Clan, Family, Lineage and Totem
A clan is not a tribe. It is only a pattern of unilateral social relationship within the tribe. It is also not a family, neither is it a lineage. As a matter of fact, clan is related to several concepts, the important ones being family, lineage and totem.
There are differences in all the three concepts. For a proper understanding of clan we should bring out the differences in these concepts.