Short Essay on the Joint Session of Parliament – Joint Session of Parliament is called when a Bill is passed by one House and rejected by the other House and in case where the amendment proposed to a Bill in one House is rejected by other House and also in case the other House sits on a Bill without taking any action for six months.
It is the President who calls a Joint Session of both the houses – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The Joint Session is presided over by the Speaker of Lok Sabha. The decision taken in the Joint Session is final if it receives the approval of the majority present.
Parliamentary Committees: Parliamentary Committees are devices for effective control over the executive.
In this context, following three committees which exercise financial control are important:
(1) Public Accounts Committee:
It consists of 22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha). It ensures that Government spends money in accordance with the sanction of the Parliament. It is headed by an opposition member. The CAG assists this committee.
(2) Estimates Committee:
It consists of 30 members. All of them are drawn from the Lok Sabha. It reports as to what economies or administrative reforms could be effective to ensure efficiency of administration.
(3) Committee on Public Undertakings:
It consists of 22 Members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha). It examines the accounts of Public Undertakings and sees whether they are being run on sound business principles or not.