Formation of the Muslim league (1906) – Essay

1. On first October 1906 a 35-member delegation of the Muslim nobles, aristocracies, legal professionals and other elite section of the community mostly associated with Aligarh movement gathered at Simla under the leadership of Aga Khan to present an address to Lord Minto.

They demanded proportionate representation of Muslims in government jobs, appointment of Muslim judges in High Courts and members in Viceroy’s council etc.

2. This ideology of political exclusiveness in the name of religion gave birth to All-India Muslim League(AIML) in the session of All India Mohammedan Educational Conference held in Dacca (December 27-30, 1906).

3. The All-India Muslim League was finally set up on December 30, 1906.

4. Nawab Salimullah, Chairman of the reception committee and convener of the political meeting proposed the creation of AIML.

5. A 56-member provisional committee was constituted with prominent Muslim leaders from different parts of the country.

Even some Muslim leaders within Congress like Ali Imam, Hasan Imam, Mazharul Haque (All Barristers from Bihar) and Hami Ali Khan (Barrister from Lucknow) were included in the committee.

6. Mohsin-ul-Mulk and Viqar-ul-Mulk were jointly made the secrearies.

7. After the death of Mohsin-ul-Mulk in 1907, Viqar-ul-Mulk was in full control of the League.

8. First session of the League was held at Karachi on December 29 & 30, 1907 with Adamjee Peerbhoy as its President.

9. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, a prominent leader of the Congress did not join the AIML till 1913, though, he supported the League movement for separate electorate for Muslims.

He even successfully contested against the League candidate for the election of Viceroy’s Legislative Council. Within the Congress he however always tried to bargain for one-third reservation for his community.

10. The objectives of All-India Muslim League:

(i) To promote among the Muslims of India, feelings of loyalty to the British Government, and remove any misconception that may arise as to the instruction of Government with regard to any of its measures.

(ii) To protect and advance the political rights and interests of Muslims of India, and to respectfully represent their needs and aspirations to the Government.

(iii) To prevent the rise among the Muslims of India of any feeling of hostility towards other communities without prejudice to the afore-mentioned objects of the League.