Essay on the Problem of Unemployment in India (Free to Read). Unemployment is on the increase. It is one of the greatest problems of our society. After the students come out of the schools and colleges, what should they do? This is a big question before them. There are no jobs for millions of youth that are pouring out of educational institutions every year.
Unemployment is a grave problem before our government and planners. They try to provide jobs to more and more People but the demand exceeds far more than the supply. With the exceeding number of educational institutions and growing Popularity of education, the problem is becoming more and serious day by day.
India is basically an agricultural country. Agriculture is the backbone of our economy. Agriculture in India is not developed enough to accommodate all the unemployed youth. Our agriculture is still dependent on old and traditional ways of farming. The use of technology is not very popular in India. Unless agriculture is modernized with latest scientific methods it cannot provide bread and butter to all the rural youth. They will continue to seek employment outside the bounds of their hereditary profession.
Unemployment is closely related to the increase in population. The population of this country is increasing by leaps and bounds. All the steps to control growing population will help in solving the problem of unemployment. Problem of educated unemployed is all the more serious. When the educated youth fail to get employment as per their capability, they turn hostile. They fall prey to anti-social elements. They exploit them to serve their ends. They become a challenge for the society. They create law and order problem. The country has not become so industrialized that it can accommodate the unemployed youth. This situation has led to migration. There is a lot of pressure on big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, etc. Every day thousands of youth reach these cities in search of employment. They create pressure on the civic amenities of these cities.
There are various factors behind the unprecedented growth of unemployment. Poverty constitutes one of the major factors. Besides, lack of proper planning, corruption and illiteracy are also contributing to this problem. The government is very keen on checking unemployment. It is initiating various schemes to contain the problem. Soft loans are being provided to the youth to start their own business. In addition, training programmes for short-term skills are also given to the youth. There are lots of institutes which offer training to youths for various programmes. With liberalisation, more and more companies are coming to India. They offer job opportunities. It is good for our country.
The situation is improving but with little pace. The most important thing is that government machinery should be sincere in implementing different schemes and programmes. Education should be made job-oriented. After the completion of education, our youth should not wait for employment. These measures will make a difference.