1309 Words Essay on Global Warming: Causes, Effects and Remedies


Global warming is the greatest challenge facing our planet. It is, in fact, the increase in the temperature of the earth’s neon- surface air. It is one of the most current and widely discussed factors. It has far-reaching impact on biodiversity and climatic conditions of the planet. Several current trends clearly demonstrate that global warming is directly impacting on rising sea levels, the melting of ice caps and significant worldwide climate changes. In short, global warming represents a fundamental threat to all living things on earth.

Global average temperature rose significantly during the past century. The prevailing scientific view is that most of the temperature increases since mid-20th century has been caused by increases in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations produced by human activity. Most scientists agree that planet’s temperature has risen 0.5 degree Celsius since 1900 and will continue to increase at an increasing rate. As a result, the world is getting warmer. The year 1990 was the hottest year in the last century.

Together with 1991, the years of 1983, 1987, 1988 and 1989 have been measured to be the warmest six years in the last hundred years. The year 1991 was the second warmest year of the past century. The consequences of the rise in temperature is being felt all over the globe the findings of scientific research done in this field reveal that the temperature of the earth is likely to rise from 1.4°C to 5.8°C within a period of 100 years.

Unfortunately, the imbalance which we have created between our life and earth is already showing the signs disasters in the form of flood, cyclones, landslides, tsunami, drought, etc. If the imbalance continues to rise, one day this will pose a question mark on the existence of this planet. Carbon dioxide (C02) which is an important constituent of environment is causing a warming effect on the earth’s surface.

It increases the evaporation of water into the atmosphere. Since water vapour itself is a greenhouse gas, this causes still more warming. The warming causes more water vapour to be evaporated. The C02 level is expected to rise in future due to ongoing burning of fossil fuels and landuse change. The rate of rise will depend largely on uncertain economic, sociological, technological and natural developments. Other gases such as methane, CFCs, nitrous oxide, tropospheric ozone are also responsible for global warming. Increases in all these gases are due to explosive population growth, increased industrial expansion, technological advancement, deforestation and growing urbanisation, etc.

Trees play a significant role in the global carbon cycle. They are the largest land-based mechanism for removing carbon dioxide from the air. Deforestation is checking these positive processes. It is the second principle cause of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforestation is responsible for 25 per cent of all carbon emissions entering the atmosphere, by the burning and cutting of 34 million acres of trees each year. Everyday over 5500 acres of rainforest are destroyed. As a consequence of massive loss of forests, global CO, levels rise approximately 0.4 per cent each year, the levels not experienced on this planet for millions of years. As we know the forests are the great absorbers of CO,,.

There is a close relation between global warming and population growth. Today the large population on earth is using the technologies which are destructive for the earth. Approximately, 80 per cent of atmospheric C02 increases are due to man’s use of fossil fuels either in the form of coal, gas or oil. A large portion of carbon emission is attributed to the burning of gasoline in internal-combustion engine of vehicles. Vehicles with poor gas mileage contribute the most to global warming. Besides, the sulphur group gas is the most harmful for this. Its contribution is 30 per cent in global warming. This gas is also emitted from the burning of fossil fuels.
Increase in global temperatures will cause rise in sea level.

It will lead to melting of glaciers, changes in rainfall patterns, increased intensity and frequency of extreme weather. As per the latest survey report the rate of melting of glaciers has seen sharp increase in recent times. Even those glaciers are affected from global warming which have been considered permanent. The shrinking of glaciers is going to pose a major problem of drinking water.

The sea levels as a result of melting of glaciers have risen from 0.35 mm to 0.4 mm. Scientists have warned in their reports that most of the glaciers will disappear within a period of 15 to 25 years. It will create problems of drinking water and food grains in most of the North American countries. India is not unaffected from it. The Himalayan glaciers have shrunk about 30 per cent after 1970.

The rise in sea levels is a major cause of concern. A large number of cities located in coastal areas will submerge in the sea. Besides, many island countries will ultimately “lose their existence and will be washed away from the surface of the earth. The damage of rising sea levels is diverse. Buildings and roads close to the water could be flooded and they could suffer damage from hurricanes and tropical storms. Experts believe that global warming could increase the intensity of hurricanes by over 50 per cent. In addition, as the sea rises, beach erosion takes place, particularly on steep banks.

Wetlands are lost as the level rises. Rise in atmospheric temperature will lead to the outbreak of air¬borne and water-borne diseases. It would also contribute to the rise in death caused by heat. The problem of drought would be frequent. Consequently, malnutrition and starvation will pose serious challenge before humanity.
Global warming is a great threat to the flora and fauna of the earth. A large number of species of them may become extinct.

The expanse of desert would increase. Low rainfall and rising temperature could add to the intensity and frequency of dusty storm. This in turn will immensely affect the quality of agricultural land, ultimately causing adverse effect on agricultural produce. It would have far-reaching socio-economic impact.

In Indian context, the impact of global warming is a matter of grave concern. As is well known, India is mainly an agricultural country and agriculture here is gamble of the monsoon, e.g. largely depending on rainfall. Though it is to affect the whole country, the worst likely impact would be on central and northern India which is high-yielding parts of the country. These are the regions which produce the largest agricultural yield. The rise in atmospheric temperature and fall in rain would naturally result in decline in crop production. Moreover, it would have great effect on biodiversity as well.

The growing concerns over global temperatures have led to the nations, states, corporations and individuals to draw out a plan of action to avert the situation. As a result the world’s primary international agreement on combating global warming was reached in Kyoto in 1997 which came to be known as Kyoto Protocol. However, ten years have passed; the situation does not appear to be very changed. It seems that the member countries are not very serious about its devastating effects.

In addition, forestation can be of great help in this regard. Planting more trees and reducing timber cuts worldwide will help restore the imbalance. Secondly, we must follow on environmental policy of ‘reduce, reuse, recycle’, i.e. promoting the reuse of anything. Thirdly, the use of fuel-efficient vehicles should be promoted as these vehicles have lower emissions of harmful gases. Fourthly, every individual should be aware of the importance of the protecting environment. Besides, eco- friendly technologies must be promoted, and must be substituted with the technologies which cause great emission of global warming gases. Public awareness campaign can be of great help in this regard because unless each and every individual is aware only governments’ effect cannot bring desired difference.


46 Responses to 1309 Words Essay on Global Warming: Causes, Effects and Remedies

  1. Deepika kar July 8, 2012 at 7:29 pm #

    we are coming generation firstly we should aware then only anything can be happen

  2. shree July 10, 2012 at 1:22 pm #

    useful for me

  3. Taomayakcho July 12, 2012 at 10:29 pm #

    I like it

  4. Mohd.Shoeb Ashraf July 19, 2012 at 10:21 am #

    This essay is very beautiful

  5. aayush July 24, 2012 at 9:26 pm #

    It was awesome, t really helped me

  6. srinidhi August 21, 2012 at 7:27 pm #

    too long but interesting

  7. globalheroiscoming2saveu August 21, 2012 at 7:58 pm #

    gud points as well as examples…i truly benefited 4rm it

  8. aditya August 27, 2012 at 5:19 pm #

    green India……..clean India

    • jaishri September 27, 2012 at 12:23 pm #

      i wish the same…………

  9. NEEL September 27, 2012 at 3:44 pm #

    A very good essay. I recommend everyone must read it.

  10. Samradnyee Sudhakar Markad. September 30, 2012 at 2:53 pm #

    very helpful

  11. akanksha October 10, 2012 at 9:06 pm #

    Fantabulous essay, helping essay

  12. Saurabh October 17, 2012 at 5:14 pm #

    Very useful for us in the Dr. Rizvi Springfield School

  13. Vishal October 25, 2012 at 1:38 pm #

    Awesome essay its good and fine. My rating is 4.5 upon 5 :)

  14. rakesh October 28, 2012 at 7:51 pm #

    I like the narration, please add more essays like this, very informative

  15. sharon October 31, 2012 at 11:14 pm #

    I love it

  16. ranjay November 1, 2012 at 4:46 pm #

    Thanks! really good

  17. sandeep November 4, 2012 at 3:20 pm #


  18. nandhini November 5, 2012 at 6:56 pm #

    very nice and very useful……i love it

  19. vidhi November 6, 2012 at 8:06 pm #

    very nice..informative and beautifully explained!! thanks

  20. ABHISHEK SINGH November 21, 2012 at 8:58 pm #

    Awesome, wonderful essay

  21. inavolu dheeraj November 27, 2012 at 9:33 pm #

    This is very informative…

  22. Veronika January 19, 2013 at 8:08 pm #

    Good one

  23. deepak January 20, 2013 at 12:45 pm #

    I loved it though it is long and lenghty ,very very useful everyone should read it

  24. sana January 21, 2013 at 8:22 pm #

    wow very nice, it useful to everyone, thank you so much

  25. AISIRI January 26, 2013 at 11:29 am #

    its awesome

  26. sohini pradhan January 27, 2013 at 2:19 pm #

    really nice one

  27. Harshal February 4, 2013 at 11:54 am #

    It’s really nice. My hearty thanks to vishal sir.

  28. Prabeen Singh February 10, 2013 at 2:57 pm #

    The essay is really to good and to control G warming one should be aware of it.

  29. Anas zubair February 24, 2013 at 8:52 am #

    very nice essay but my friend pankaj say that it so long if i learn it take 5 hours

  30. Elora March 8, 2013 at 4:05 pm #

    Very wonderful esssay!Very helpful too……..

  31. vinnyana.adirere June 4, 2013 at 10:00 am #

    very wonderful essay

  32. mayukh June 8, 2013 at 10:24 pm #


  33. shristi June 17, 2013 at 2:18 pm #

    Awesome, wonderful but too long .

  34. kapil khanchi June 25, 2013 at 7:20 am #

    Very useful, nice and valuable content.Thankyou very much.

  35. siddharth July 6, 2013 at 7:54 pm #

    good one

  36. PRABHA July 12, 2013 at 1:46 pm #


  37. angel July 12, 2013 at 5:12 pm #

    i found it very useful for my projects :)

  38. Sourav July 16, 2013 at 10:30 pm #



  1. List of 96 Informative Essay Topics - June 6, 2013

    […] 2. Informative Essay on Global Warming […]

Leave a Reply