430 Words Essay on the Short Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru is famous for a number of reasons. He was the first Prime Minister of India, as well as the father of the most famous Prime Minister – Indira Gandhi. He was a patriot, a freedom fighter as well as a highly regarded statesman.

Born on 14th November 1889, to a famous lawyer of high nobility, Motilal Nehru and his wife Swaroop Rani, Jawaharlal had a good start in life. His father wanted to give him the best education possible and sent him to Harrow, a boarding school in England, in 1905. Harrow was famous for educating most of the Prime ministers of England.

Nehru then went on to get his M.A. degree from Cambridge University and returned to India as a barrister. In 1916, married Kamala Kaul, who supported his patriotism and a devoted wife in all respects. Even though he had a brills’ the academic record, the legal profession did not attract him. Inset the he wanted to join the freedom struggle under the influence the Gandhiji.

Jawaharlal Nehru

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For a while he was the Chairman of the Allahabad municipal Committee as a member of the Congress and then he joined the Home Rule League established by BAL Gangadhar tilak and Annie Besant.

Purring the freedom struggle, he courted arrest many a times, and had been jailed 14 years in all. He was elected Congress President 5 times, and it was under his influence in Lahore, that the Congress adopted complete freedom as its goal. In 1947, after India gained its independence, he was automatically elected first Prime Minister.

He headed the Indian government for 17 long and brilliant years. He wanted India to develop into a world – recognized nation. He supported technological and scientific progress and encouraged art and literature.


He wanted to eliminate discrimination from the face of the world and encouraged peaceful co-existence. Nehru did not believe in aligning himself with the military political blocks and wanted to end the cold war. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1955.

Not only was he a brilliant orator, a charming, warm and noble ranker and philosopher, but also a fantastic writer. He has bitten many wonderful books ‘Discovery of India’, ‘Glimpses of History and’ Letters from a father to a daughter’ are very useful books.

On May 27, 1964, India lost this great son. In the words of Dr. Radhakrishnan As a fighter for freedom he was illustrious a maker of a modern India, his services were unparalleled. His works and works have had a profound influence on our mental up, social structure and intellectual development.’