Difference between “Public Nuisance” and “Private Nuisance” – Explained!

Public Nuisance:

1. Public nuisance is a crime.

2. It is an infringement of public right.

3. It is interference with the rights of public in general.

4. The lapse of time cannot legalize public nuisance.

5. In the case of public nuisance, a person may bring an action if “special damage or injury” is caused to the plaintiff. In case of Environmental Pollutions-cum Public Nuisance, any person can sue the polluter.

6. As it is a State’s duty, the responsibility lies upon the State to prove the interference of defendant.

Private Nuisance:

1. Private nuisance is a civil wrong.

2. It is an infringement of right of a private person.

3. Private nuisance is interference with the rights of a particular person.

4. In due course of time under certain circumstances the nuisance may be legalized under the Law of Prescription.

5. In case of private nuisance, the injured person may bring an action.

6. The plaintiff must prove interference with his enjoyment of land.